URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS
A urinary tract infection is an infection that occurs in the body’s urinary system, which includes the kidneys, the ureter, the bladder and the urethra.
The infection most often affects the urethra and bladder.
Bacteria are usually the cause of urinary tract infections. A person’s urine does not contain any bacteria.
When bacteria from the skin, the lower bowel or the stool enter the urinary system, they multiply and cause the urinary tract infection.
In pregnant women, hormones cause changes in the urinary tract which predispose women to infection.
Growing uterus presses on the bladder, preventing the complete emptying of urine.
Urinary tract infections in pregnant women should be treated to prevent complications: a kidney infection, a preterm labor and low birth weight.
Feeling an urgent need to urinate.
Having difficulty urinating.
Having a burning sensation in the lower abdomen or lower back.
Having a burning sensation during urination.
Urine that looks cloudy or has an odor.
Call your doctor or your health care provider. They will test a small sample of urine for bacteria and red and white blood cells.
The urine may also be tested to see what kind of bacteria are in the urine (urine culture).
They are treated with antibiotics.
You will need to take the medicine for 3-7 days.
Don’t stop taking your medication early, even if the symptoms go away.
Common antibiotics (amoxicillin, erythromycin, penicillin) are considered safe for pregnant women.
Drink at least eight glasses of water a day.
Empty your bladder shortly before and after sex.
Avoid strong feminine deodorants or soaps.
Change feminine pads often.
Wear cotton underwear.
Take showers instead of baths.
Avoid tight-fitting clothing.