Hysteroscopy is used to diagnose or treat some problems of the uterus. A hysteroscope is a thin, lighted device. It is inserted into your uterus through the vagina, and transmits the image of your uterus onto a screen.
One of the most common uses is to find the cause of abnormal uterine bleeding.
Other situations are: to remove uterine adhesions, to diagnose the cause of repeated miscarriage, to locate an intrauterine device, to perform sterilization placing small implants into a woman´s fallopian tubes.
Sometimes, before the procedure, you may be given a medication to help you relax. Sometimes general or local anaesthesia may be used to block the pain.
Hysteroscopy can be done in a doctor’s office or at the hospital.
A speculum is inserted into your vagina. The hysteroscope is then introduced and gently moved through the cervix into your uterus. Gas ( carbon dioxide ) or fluid ( salt water ) will be put through the hysteroscope into your uterus to expand it.
Your doctor can view the lining of your uterus and the openings of the fallopian tubes.
If a biopsy or other procedure is done, small instruments will be passed through the hysteroscope.
You should be able to go home after the hysteroscopic procedure.
If you need general anaesthesia, you have to wait until its effects have worn off.
It is normal to have a little bloody discharge for a few days after procedure.
This is a safe procedure.
Sometimes, cervix or uterus can be punctured by the hysteroscope, bleeding may occur, or excess fluid may build up in your system.