The pelvic area is a bowl-shaped grouping of bones, muscles, and ligaments that provides protection for the bladder, urethra, uterus, and rectum. Its function is to act as support for the pelvic organs (uterus, bladder and rectum) and to maintain urine, feces or gas in order for them to stop escaping.
FAQs/ Pelvic floorPelvic floor
If the pelvic floor muscles weaken they don’t perform the necessary pressure, and then a strength deficit or dysfunction appears that affects at least one third of adult women. It can result:
- Urinary Incontinence: involuntary loss of urine.
- Fecal incontinence: involuntary leakage of gas and / or stool.
- Genital prolapse: exit of bladder, uterus or rectum from the vagina or vulva.
- Pregnancy, during which this area suffers a significant strain due to increased uterine weight and decreased muscle tone caused by hormonal changes.
- Childbirth can cause muscle injuries during an expulsive period.
- Lack of estrogen in menopausal women
- Surgical procedures on the perineum zone
- Smoking and/or chronic cough.
The International Continence Society (ICS) defines it as “complaint or inconvenience arising from involuntary leakage of urine”. It is a disorder that affects the quality of life of women, of any age; in all its aspects (physical activity, travel and work …) due to discomfort and embarrassment for fear that it might happen at any time of the day.
There are several solutions, from medical drugs and physiotherapy / rehabilitation of the pelvic floor or surgery.
They are exercises that are based on repeated contraction and relaxation of the pelvic floor muscles, in order to train this muscle, gaining strength and endurance. The Kegel exercises can be done at home and require no medical supervision.
The Hipopresiva abdominal gymnastics is a set of exercises that help to tone the abdomen and the pelvic floor. They also help us to improve our body positioning and urological and digestive functions.